C4 Shooting & Training Center

Image for Sporting Clays

Sporting Clays

Sporting clays is described as “golf with a shotgun”. Similar to golf courses, no two sporting clays courses are alike. They all have different terrain and background which determine how targets are presented to the shooter. Since no two courses are alike, shooters travel to different courses to experience variety and different levels of difficulty.  How to Play the Game

Sporting clays is the closest thing to actual field shooting of all shotgun sports. Rather than having clay birds thrown from standardized distances and angles as with skeet or trap, sporting clays courses are designed to simulate the hunting of ducks, pheasants, other upland birds, and even rabbits. Since there is no set season and it can be shot at any time, many hunters shoot sporting clays to further their wing-shooting skills during the off-season. Targets may be thrown from literally any angle or distance to simulate wing-shooting. There are many different sizes of clay targets that give the shooter the experience of actual hunting conditions.

Sporting clays is typically shot in squads of two to six people and played over a course of 10 to 15 shooting stations laid around fields or around the natural features of the land and woods. The course designer is not limited in target speed, angle, or distance, which makes every course is different.

The most common target used in sporting clays is the clay that is used in skeet and trap. But sporting clays also uses specialty targets to introduce the illusion of speed or distance in the eye of the shooter, moving at speeds or in the ways of game birds. All can be thrown as singles or pairs.

Any shotgun that’s in safe working condition, capable of firing two shots, may be used. Any gauge can be used, but the most popular are 12 and 20 gauge. Many shooters like to shoot an over/under because it gives them two choke choices. Shooters who tend to be sensitive to recoil might prefer gas-operated semiautomatics.


The first consideration in shooting a round of sporting clays is always safety. Safety begins as soon as you start to remove your shotgun from your vehicle. Make sure your gun is not loaded by opening the breech and looking down the barrel to check for obstructions. Keep the breech open to let everyone see that it is safe; if you have an over/under or side-by-side, carry it broken open with the muzzle down or up in the air. At all times, treat the gun as if it is loaded.

Make sure to use the proper ammo, both the proper gauge and the proper shell for what you’re shooting. You should ask the gun club management what is appropriate.

Never put a shotshell into your gun until you are on a shooting station, it is your turn, and you are in the box, ready to shoot. If there is a malfunction or the gun does not fire, continue pointing the gun safely downrange. Then unload it or ask for assistance. The problem may be due to faulty ammo or a mechanical failure of the gun. If at any time a shot sounds light or different, stop immediately, unload, and check your barrel to make sure the wad has cleared and there are no obstructions.

Never move off a station until your gun is open and safe.

Eye and ear protection are required any time you are on a sporting clays course.

Shooting a Round of Clays

To shoot a round of sporting clays, you will start on the assigned first station and shoot each station in order. Before the first person in every squad shoots, the referee will show your squad the targets so you’ll be familiar with what and how the targets are being thrown and strategize how you’ll shoot them. 

When the previous squad has finished shooting a station and it is your squads turn to shoot, hand your scorecard to the referee. When your turn comes up to shoot, be ready. Step up to the station. Then and only then do you load your shotgun. Point it safely toward the target firing area. When your gun is ready and you are in position, relax and call “Pull.” When you shoot, the target will be considered a dead bird if any part of it is broken. The referee will score each shot a hit or miss and has the final word.

When you are done shooting at a station, open your gun, remove the used hulls, dispose of the hulls in the trash bin provided and exit the station. Remain behind the station, out of the way of the scorer, until all shooters have shot that station and are ready to move on. When waiting your turn, it is acceptable to talk in a low voice so as not to disturb shooters, scorers, and others.

You will find that sporting clays shooters are friendly and always eager to share their sport with beginners. While you are learning the sport, do not hesitate to ask questions. Let your fellow shooters and referees know that you are a new shooter, and they will go out of their way to show you the ropes and help you learn the game. Have fun!

FREE FFL Transfers